Madaba Archaeological Park West is home to a wide variety of archaeological and cultural heritage structures. Pottery excavated at the site dates to Roman, Byzantine, Umayyad, Abbasid, Mamluke, and Late Ottoman periods. However, there is evidence the area was first settled during the Bronze Age and also occupied during the Iron Age as a Moabite City. During the Hellenist period, a small village was established. However, during the second century AD, this village blossomed into a true city.
The park site’s oldest portion hails from the Roman era, exhibiting stretches of the Roman Road. The Byzantine period, is the most represented with the Burnt Palace, the Church of the Martyrs, and the Virgin’s Church. There was also considerable Islamic expansion during the seventh and eighth centuries AD. However, following this period of expansion the site was largely abandoned up until the 19th century when Christians settled in the area.
Remnants of this area include a complex of Ottoman homes, which will be conserved and refurbished to contain the future Madaba Regional Museum. Other artifacts such as mosaic pavements made of large white tesserae provide proof that there was a Late/ Byzantine/Early Islamic phase.
Madaba is known as the city of mosaics, which can be easily seen throughout the Archaeological Park as well as the surrounding area. The archaeological park is also a strong capsule showing the long, rich, and diverse history and occupation of the area.