Madaba Archaeological Park West is home to a wide variety of archaeological and cultural heritage monuments. Pottery excavated for the site dates back to Roman, Byzantine, Umayyad, Abbasid, Mamluke, and Late Ottoman periods.
The site’s oldest portion hails from the Roman era, exhibiting stretches of the Roman Road. The Byzantine period, which followed the Roman era, is the most represented with the Burnt Palace, the Church of the Martyrs, and the Virgin’s Church.
The park also includes a complex of Ottoman homes, which will be conserved and refurbished to contain the future Madaba Regional Museum. Other artifacts such as mosaic pavements made of large white tesserae provide proof that there was a Late/ Byzantine/Early Islamic phase.
USAID SCHEP is partnering with MRAMP to support their creation of a new Madaba Regional Museum. The first step of this process is cleaning, conserving and restoring the Archaeological Park West. USAID SCHEP and MRAMP then will work to refurbish the currently existing building to act as a museum, research facility, and training facility. USAID SCHEP and MRAMP hope to showcase the national heritage of the region and the cultural identity that presides.
One of the key components of any USAID SCHEP sites is community engagement, specifically to strengthen the local communities cultural identity by creating a connection between them and the site. USAID SCHEP and MRAMP will train members of the local community and Department of Antiquities staff in museum development, management, and sustainability, through workshops and training seminars on conservation, preservation, presentation, museum management and upkeep. The community’s involvement will help to present Jordan’s cultural heritage and richness in historical-archeology, while also benefiting the local region through increased employment.
Madaba lies just 30km south of Amman, surrounded by rolling planes. At nearly 200,000 residents, it is the fifth most populous city in Jordan with a mixed Muslim and Christian demographics.
Although Madaba dates back as far as 840BCE, to the Moab civilization, the contemporary history of the area begins in the late 19th century when families from Karak arrived in the area. In 1880 AD, Arabic tribes from Karak migrated to Madaba to escape draught, persecution, and dwindling economic opportunities.
Madaba is sometimes referred to as the City of Mosaics because of the discovery of mosaics from the Roman, Byantine, and Islamic periods. Perhaps the most famous of these is simply knows as the Madaba Mosaic Map, which is the olderst surviging cartographic depiction of the Holy Land. It dates from 560-565 and shows the geographic features and cities reaching all the way to the Nile Delta.
The city has long had respect for its rich cultural heritage and is currently home to the Mosaic School of Madaba. Under the Ministry of Tourism and Antiquities, the school trains artisans in the art of making, repairing and restoring mosaics. Also Madaba Tourism Association plans to train handcrafters in Madaba on research, designing skills, and offer new sellable designs, in addition to communication skills to strengthen the vision and image of Madaba as the City of Mosaics and Handicrafts.
Project Do-Directors: Dr. Suzanne Richard and Dr. Douglas Clark